Medical textiles are used for external applications on body that means those are used outside the human body to assist the recovery of wounds are called non-implantable medical textiles. Non-implantable products are typically used to provide protection against infection, to absorb blood and exudates and to promote healing. The term non-implantable is used generally to indicate surface wound treatments of different parts of the human body.
Wound dressings are used in the medical ﬁeld to provide the critical functions that collectively aim to promote wound healing. These functions are protection, absorption, compression, immobilization and esthetics. Protection is the primary function of wound dressing since exposed wounds can be subjected to further trauma and additional tissue loss caused by external forces (i.e. severe environments, touching objects or direct interaction). Wound dressing acts as a barrier against these forces.
Compression bandages do a good job of compressing a new injury or inflammation and help keep swelling down. This bandage provides special support to help treat venous leg ulcers and manage leg swelling. Compression bandaging is an effective way of healing specific types of ulceration.
Fabric plasters are extra flexible and breathable fabric strips. Textile adhesive plaster with a pad is designed for treatment of minor injuries, scrapes, blisters, to cover the injection site, during vaccination or blood sampling. They are also suitable for covering all types of smaller, everyday wounds such as scratches, cuts and grazes. The material stretches with the skin’s movements making them suitable for use over joints and other moveable parts of the body.
Medical gauze, a bleached white cloth or fabric used in bandages, dressings, and surgical sponges, is the most widely used wound care dressing. Commonly known as “4×4s,” gauze is made from fibers of cotton, rayon, polyester, or a combination of these fibers. Woven gauze has a loose, open weave, which allows fluids from the wound to be absorbed into the fibers, wicked away, or passed through into other absorbent materials in the wound’s dressing. Nonwoven gauze consists of fibers pressed together to resemble a weave, which provides improved wicking and greater absorbent capacity. Compared to woven gauze, this type of gauze produces less lint and has the benefit of leaving fewer fibers behind in a wound when removed.