The toy safety standard EN 71-3:2019 issued by the European Union is about hazardous elements and chemical substances in toys. The standard mainly deals with restrictions and test methods for hazardous substances in toy materials and components. The following are the main contents of EN 71-3:2019:
1. scope of application and referenced standards:
EN 71-3:2019 specifies the scope of application of the standard, including the restriction of hazardous elements and chemical substances in toy materials and components. The standard also references other relevant European standards and regulations to ensure compliance with overall toy safety requirements.
2. Definitions and Abbreviations:
The standard lists definitions of terms and commonly used acronyms so that they can be accurately understood and applied in the use of the standard.
3. classification of materials and components:
EN 71-3:2019 classifies toy materials and components into different categories and specifies the corresponding hazardous substance restrictions and testing requirements for each category. These categories include synthetic materials, natural materials, dyes and pigments, paints and printing inks, metals and alloys, and accessories.
4. Harmful substance restrictions:
The standard specifies requirements for the restriction of a series of hazardous substances in toy materials and components, including heavy metals (e.g., lead, mercury, cadmium, etc.), aniline dyes, migratory elements, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and so on. For each hazardous substance, the standard specifies the corresponding restriction values and test methods.
5. Labelling and warning:
The standard requires that toys should have appropriate labels and warnings to prompt the user or guardian with relevant safety information, especially warnings related to hazardous substances and chemical substances.
6. sample preparation and test methods:
EN 71-3:2019 also provides detailed guidance on sample preparation and test methods, including operational requirements and steps during sample collection, preparation and testing. These methods include chemical analysis, spectral analysis, solvent extraction, etc.
7. Reporting and compliance assessment:
The standard also requires reporting of test results and provides requirements for compliance assessment. The test report should include the test methods used, test results, conclusions, etc. to verify that the toy materials and components comply with the requirements of the standard.
These are some of the key elements of the EN 71-3:2019 toy safety standard. The purpose of the standard is to ensure that hazardous elements and chemical substances in toy materials and components comply with EU safety requirements in order to protect children's health and safety. For specific requirements and details, it is recommended to refer to the original text of the standard or consult a professional organisation or testing laboratory.
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