Site: Home > Home > News and events

What are the different types of abrasion tests?

2023-10-19 14:23

Abrasion resistance is the ability of a material to resist wear and tear when it's subjected to rubbing against another material. Recognizing this as a characteristic material property, various standardized tests have been developed to measure and define a material's lifetime and performance under specified abrasive conditions. Following are some of the common types of abrasion tests:

1. **Taber Abrasion Test**: This test involves mounting the sample on a rotating turntable. A pair of abrasive wheels apply a specific amount of pressure on the specimen, causing wear by removing material from the surface. The degree of abrasion is quantified by measuring the loss of weight.

2. **Martindale Abrasion Test**: Primarily used in the textile industry, it simulates natural wear by rubbing the test specimen against a standard abrasive material. The fabric is pulled tight over a small circular area and rubbed against a pad of abrasive material under a defined pressure.

3. **Los Angeles (LA) Abrasion Test**: Commonly used in the construction industry, particularly on aggregate stones used in asphalt concrete and cement concrete. The test simulates the abrasive action by placing the aggregate in a rotating drum along with steel balls, which, during rotation, degrade the aggregate by attrition.

4. **Slurry Test**: This test produces abrasion in a wet environment. A controlled mixture of water and an abrasive material (like sand) is used as the abrasive medium. This testing method is commonly used for materials exposed to water flows, such as in pumping or pipeline applications.

5. **Pencil Hardness Test**: Often used to determine the scratch hardness of a coated surface by applying pencils of known hardness to the surface under a specified force. The pencil hardness corresponds to the hardest grade that does not visibly scratch the surface.

6. **Scratch Test**: Involves a stylus or sharp object (often a diamond-tipped cone) being drawn over the surface under a predefined load. This test measures a material's resistance against deformation, fracture, or removal of material due to mechanical scratching.

7. **Pin-on-Disc Test**: This is a common method to characterize the friction and wear properties of materials, where a pin or ball is loaded against a rotating disc. A range of sliding speeds and loads can be applied, and the wear rate and friction coefficient are typically measured.

Each test evaluates abrasion resistance in a slightly different way, making the selection of the best test method dependent upon the material to be tested and the particular application.

Related News

2023-10-26How do you measure oxygen levels in an experiment?
2023-10-26What is ASTM D6413?
2023-10-26What is ASTM D 695 standard test method for compressive properties of rigid plas
2023-10-26What types of construction materials are covered by ASTM standards?
2023-10-25Differences in the testing procedures between ASTM D2863 and ASTM D2863 17
2023-10-25What is the test method for limiting oxygen index?
2023-10-24What is 50% stretch in fabric?
2023-10-24How do you test fabric quality?
2023-10-24How are the materials are tested as per ASTM standards?
2023-10-24Can the oxygen index test be used to compare the fire resistance properties of d

Copyright 2022:Qinsun Instruments Co., Limited

High-end textile tester supplier | Textile Testing Equipment pdf | Tel:021-67800179 |