The Martindale method and the Wyzenbeek method of ASTM D4966 are two commonly used test methods for evaluating the abrasion resistance of fabrics. They have some differences in testing principles, equipment and evaluation indexes.
1. Martindale Method: The Martindale Method is a rotational abrasion test method that simulates the wear and tear of everyday use by applying rotational friction to a fabric sample. During the test, the sample is held in a circular specimen holder with a wear head containing a quantity of sandpaper or flannel. The specimen holder and abrasive head are rubbed in a rotating manner to simulate the contact and friction of the fabric with other surfaces. The test can end with fabric breakage, a visible colour change or a certain number of abrasion cycles.
2. Wyzenbeek Method: The Wyzenbeek Method is a linear abrasion test method that simulates the wear and tear of everyday use by applying straight-line friction in a back-and-forth motion to a fabric sample. For the test, the sample is held in a device with a friction head containing a quantity of cotton or flannel. The friction head moves back and forth, creating friction with the fabric sample. The test can end with the fabric being torn, showing a visible colour change or reaching a certain number of abrasion cycles.
Although both the Martindale and Wyzenbeek methods are test methods for evaluating the abrasion resistance of fabrics, they differ in their test principles and equipment; the Martindale method simulates fabric abrasion by means of rotational abrasion, whereas the Wyzenbeek method simulates abrasion by means of friction in a linear reciprocating motion. In addition, they differ in their evaluation criteria, which may relate to the number of wear cycles, colour change and fabric breakage. When selecting a test method, the decision to use the Martindale or Wyzenbeek method for evaluation can be based on the specific needs and type of textile.
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