ISO (International Organization for Standardization) develops and publishes a wide range of standards that cover various aspects of textile testing. These standards provide guidelines and procedures for conducting tests on textiles to assess their quality, performance, and compliance with industry requirements. ISO standards are widely recognized and used globally in the textile industry. Here are some key ISO methods commonly used for textile testing:
1. ISO 139: Textiles - Standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing
This standard specifies standard atmospheres for conditioning and testing textile materials. It defines temperature, humidity, and atmospheric pressure conditions that should be maintained during the testing and conditioning of textiles to ensure consistent and comparable results.
2. ISO 2062: Textiles - Yarn from packages - Determination of single-end breaking force and elongation at break using constant rate of extension (CRE) tester
This standard provides a method for determining the breaking force and elongation at break of yarns using a constant rate of extension (CRE) tester. It specifies the test conditions and procedures for measuring the mechanical properties of yarns.
3. ISO 5084: Textiles - Determination of thickness of textiles and textile products
ISO 5084 outlines a method for measuring the thickness of textile materials and textile products. It specifies the apparatus, test procedure, and calculation method for determining the thickness of fabrics, nonwovens, and other textile structures.
4. ISO 12947 series: Textiles - Determination of abrasion resistance of fabrics by the Martindale method
The ISO 12947 series provides methods for assessing the abrasion resistance of fabrics using the Martindale method. It includes procedures for determining the number of cycles a fabric can withstand before showing signs of abrasion and pilling.
5. ISO 13934 series: Textiles - Tensile properties of fabrics
The ISO 13934 series consists of several parts that cover different aspects of tensile testing of fabrics. These standards specify methods for determining the tensile strength, elongation, and other mechanical properties of fabrics under various conditions.
6. ISO 13936 series: Textiles - Determination of the slippage resistance of yarns at a seam in woven fabrics
The ISO 13936 series provides methods for evaluating the slippage resistance of yarns at a seam in woven fabrics. It includes procedures for measuring the force required to cause slippage between yarns at a seam.
7. ISO 13938 series: Textiles - Bursting properties of fabrics
The ISO 13938 series covers methods for determining the bursting strength and bursting distension of fabrics. These standards specify test procedures and apparatus for evaluating the resistance of fabrics to bursting forces.
8. ISO 105 series: Textiles - Tests for color fastness
The ISO 105 series comprises numerous parts that cover various aspects of color fastness testing for textiles. These standards provide methods for assessing color fastness to various factors, including light, washing, rubbing, perspiration, and other conditions.
9. ISO 6330: Textiles - Domestic washing and drying procedures for textile testing
ISO 6330 specifies procedures for domestic washing and drying of textiles for testing purposes. It outlines the methods for washing and drying textile samples using household washing machines and dryers, including temperature, detergent, and cycle specifications.
These are just a few examples of ISO methods for textile testing. ISO standards encompass a wide range of textile testing parameters, including dimensional properties, mechanical properties, colorfastness, abrasion resistance, and more. It's important to refer to the specific ISO standards relevant to the type of textile testing being conducted for accurate and standardized procedures.
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